Öğrenmede İnsanı Odağa Almak: Beyin Araştırmaları Doğrultusunda Bir Tartışma

İlkay AŞKIN TEKKOL, Tarık BAŞAR, Zeynep ŞEN, Sevgi TURAN

Özet


Öğrenme, doğumdan itibaren bireyin yaşamında önemli bir rol oynamaktadır. Etkili öğrenmenin gerçekleşebilmesi bireyin zihinsel, duygusal, sosyal ve fiziksel gelişimine bağlıdır. Bütün bu alanlardaki gelişim beynin işlevsel çalışmasına bağlı olarak gerçekleşmektedir. Gelişen teknolojinin de etkisiyle son yıllarda beynin öğrenme üzerindeki etkisini inceleyen çalışmaların sayısı artmıştır. Bu doğrultuda öğretmenlerin çalışma sonuçlarını öğretim ortamına aktarma çabaları gözlenmektedir. Bilimsel çalışmaların öğretim ortamına aktarımında araştırmacıların ve uygulayıcıların etik sorumlulukları bulunmaktadır. Beyin ve öğrenme arasındaki ilişkiyi açıklamaya yönelik yapılan çalışmalardan elde edilen kanıtların doğru yorumlanması ve aktarılması önemlidir. Bu çalışmada, alanyazında beyin ve öğrenme arasındaki ilişkiyi açıklayan, buna ilişkin kanıtlar sunan çalışmalar incelenmiş ve derlenmiştir. Alanyazından elde edilen bilgilere dayalı olarak uygulamaya yönelik öneriler geliştirilmiştir.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Eğitimsel sinirbilim, zihin, beyin, öğrenme, beyin araştırmaları

Tam Metin:

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