ANNELERİN-BABALARIN ÇOCUKLARDA VE ERGENLERDE SOSYAL YANLI GELİŞME İLE İLİŞKİLİ SOSYALLEŞTİRMESÜREÇLERİNE ETKİSİ

Turhan ŞENGÖNÜL

Özet


Bu makale, anneye-babaya ait sosyalleştirme uygulamaları ile çocuklarda ve ergenlerde sosyal yanlı davranışlar arasındaki ilişkileri ele almaktadır. Teorisyenler ve araştırmacılar anne-baba desteğinin, sevgisinin, sıcaklığının ya da duyarlılığının sosyalleşme süreçlerini olumlu olarak etkilediğini ileri sürmektedir. Çocuklar, destekleyici, sıcak, duyarlı ve demokratik bir aile çevresinde anneye-babaya ait sosyalleştirme mesajlarına dikkat edebilmekte ve bu mesajları önemseyebilmektedir. Demokratik tutum ve davranışlar gösteren anneler-babalar, beklenen ve istenen davranışları kazandırmak için çocukları kontrol etmekte, tümevarımsal akıl yürütme ve açıklamalar yoluyla onların eylemlerinin yararlı ve zararlı sonuçlarına işaret ederek çocuklarda empatiyi, perspektif almayı ve sempatiyi teşvik etmektedir. Çocuklar ve ergenler, diğerinin perspektifini gördüğünde ve daha çok başkası için empatiyi, suçluluğu ve sempatiyi yaşadığında sosyal yanlı ahlaki akıl yürütmeyi kullanabilmekte ve sosyal yanlı davranışlar gösterebilmektedir.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Anne-baba sıcaklığı/duyarlılığı, tümevarımsal akıl yürütme ya da açıklamalar, empati, perspektif alma, sempati, sosyal yanlı davranış

Tam Metin:

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